The investment project comprising the A1 Motorway section managed by GTC was financed by international financial institutions and GTC’s Stockholders.
The international financial institutions, namely the European Investment Bank, Nordic Investment Bank, and Swedish Export Credit Corporation, provided GTC with loans which covered 95% of the project’s demand for financing; the GTC Stockholders contributed the remaining 5%.
The loans extended to GTC to finance the project added up to the aggregate of approximately EUR 1.5 billion (both Phases). The above amount was designated to cover such costs as: direct construction and design costs, purchase of the motorway equipment, interest and fees on the loans, the Independent Engineer’s fees, cost of insurance, and rental.
In the motorway operation period, GTC receives availability payments from the National Road Fund. The proceeds thereof are spent on providing for: the debt service costs (interest on the balance outstanding and principal instalments), taxes, operating costs which include e.g. consideration for the Motorway operator (for operation and maintenance of the tolling system, and keeping the road up to the specified standard), insurance costs, services rendered by the Independent Engineer, tolling expansion, and costs related to Motorway rehabilitation.
The Motorway rehabilitation costs comprise the costs of all overhaul and repair works on the wearing course and engineering structures (e.g. flyovers, bridges, buildings, service areas, etc.), and all other facilities appurtenant to the motorway (e.g. barriers, road signs, weather stations, etc.), plus the costs of replacing the tolling system equipment.
GTC has two other sources of income: variable remuneration paid from the National Road Fund to cover the variable costs of operating the Motorway (linked to the traffic volume), and a return on the GTC Stockholders’ investment in the project.
The account settlement system incorporates payment deductions for reduced motorway availability to the drivers (e.g. traffic lane closures), or inadequate Motorway maintenance standards.
GTC transfers the entire toll collected on the Motorway to the National Road Fund. The toll rates are fixed by the Minister relevant for Transport.
There are three maintenance areas (OUAs) arranged along the Gdańsk – Toruń section of the motorway: in Pelplin, Nowe Marzy and Grabowiec. OUAs are reserved solely for the road maintenance services. Their duties consist in keeping the road and its auxiliary facilities operational in the summer and winter, ensuring technical supervision over the repair works, organising and controlling the traffic, and clearing up incident sites. The OUA Pelplin includes the Motorway Management Centre operating 24 hours a day, and the Customer Service Centre. The Motorway Management Centre (CKR) plays the role of the “command post” for the works and actions taken on the road and sees to the safety and comfort of the road users. CKR cooperates directly with the Road Patrol, the maintenance service, and the toll collecting teams at the gates. The hub receives information from all observation systems and reporting units on the motorway – the meteo stations, emergency phone booths, speed and traffic intensity meters. CKR analyses the data and issues instructions adequate to cope with the specific situation. For instance, it calls in the proper rescue forces to a road accident, distributes information on the driving conditions, and if a traffic lane is blocked or closed, its duty is to pass the information promptly to the drivers and alert the media about the traffic obstacles.
Seven double Services Areas (MOPs), one for each road in a set, are located along the 152-km section of the A1 Motorway. The purpose of the MOPs is to give the travellers an opportunity to rest. The services available there make the journey more comfortable for both the drivers and passengers.
The route of the concession operated section of the A1 Motorway starts in Rusocin south of Gdańsk and ends in Toruń. This 152-km stretch is the northernmost section of the A1 Motorway. From Toruń onwards, the route leads via Łódź, Czestochowa, and Katowice down south to Gorzyczki on the State border.
The A1 Motorway, or European Road E 75, is a segment of the North-South Trans-European corridor linking Scandinavia to the countries on the Mediterranean Sea. Across the Czech Republic and Slovakia, down to Austria, this continent-spanning corridor starting at the Baltic Sea provides a modern transit route between Gdańsk and Vienna.
Gdańsk Transport Company S.A. and the Operator, Intertoll Polska sp. z o.o., work hand in hand taking numerous actions to reduce the number of traffic incidents on the A1 Motorway. In effect, the A1 Motorway ensures comfort and safe travel to all its users.
Regular reviews of the traffic incidents recorded on the road section under our management, conducted in collaboration with the Police lead to implementing additional solutions to enhance driving safety:
Moreover, the A1 AmberOne Motorway concessionaire:
The motorway right of way cuts across country-pockets unique for their natural and landscape values. Even though motorways in general rank among the transport systems most friendly to the environment, the execution of a road project of that scale does not leave its neighbourhood unaffected. For this reason, it is vital to keep alert, care for, and conserve the precious elements of the natural environment, as well as protect the cultural, historic, and environmental values of the areas spanned by the motorway right of way.
At the project operation stage, we pay much attention to monitoring the impact the A1 motorway exerts on its surrounding environment. All mitigating or compensating solutions we introduce are instantly assessed and monitored. We invariably keep an eye on the vegetation, tending to it seasonally and replacing individual plants, if needed. We monitor the tightness of the motorway fencing, and any gaps are sealed off without delay with the safety of the travellers in mind,. We check the environmental devices for their proper functioning, to name sand-pits, separators, or retention tanks. We also test the quality of the waters we discharge to the environment to make sure we do not contaminate the land with any harmful substances. We keep a close look at the animal passes we have built for the mammals and amphibians to see whether and to what extent the wildlife makes use of the passages, to assess how functional the structures are, and what we can do to make them do their job even better. We take any reports on animals spotted within the Motorway right of way very seriously to make sure the noticed creature will not pose a threat to the A1 Motorway users on the road.
Moreover, we monitor the motorway impact on the plant communities and ecotone zones on the verge of the A1 right of way. So far, we can take pride in the fact that the motorway carries no negative impact on the plants, which – as we take it – is our major success.
We also focus our attention on actions aimed at ensuring effective noise protection. We regularly take noise measurements to check whether the erected acoustic screens perform their task, and any information on exceeded limits is given priority in all possible steps we can take to improve the acoustic climate at the locations where the permissible limits happen to be exceeded.
Other lines of action that will complement the above efforts over the operation term will focus on reducing power consumption, managing the green around the motorway, and developing methods of recycling materials so as to reduce the waste volumes. The major issues we face include monitoring the level of noise and fumes generated by the road users, and reacting accordingly to reduce those levels. The preventive measures proposed to protect the environment at both the construction and operation stages of the A1 motorway guarantee the attainment of maximum effectiveness. They embody the modern approach to the environmental issues, and the currently binding and available methods of counteracting any negative impact the road might have on particular elements of the natural environment.